Daughter of a slave and slave holder, Anna Julia Cooper argued to be educated with the boys when a post-slavery school separated students by gender. She married George Cooper, a professor of Greek and the second African American Episcopalian pastor who died just two years later. She attended Oberlin College, became a high school teacher in Washington, DC, and then became president of Frelinghuysen University before returning to teaching. At age 66 she defended her French-language doctoral thesis, "The Attitude of France Toward Slavery during the Revolution" at the Sorbonne in Paris and became the 4th African American woman ever to earn a Ph.D. She fostered family members then adopted five children orphaned by her relatives. She lived to 105 and made every minute of it a life worth living. She is buried next to her husband whom she lost at age 19. A few years ago she was memorialized on a US postage stamp in celebration of Black History Month and every new American passport which shared her most famous quote. "The cause of freedom is not the cause of a race or sect, a party or a class -- it is the cause of every human kind, the very birthright of humanity."